Anyone who has a basic understanding of Hindu Mythology must be aware of the three main gods of Hinduism. Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva. In essence the three Gods of Hinduism are the three manifestations of the Supreme God. Well that’s for not me to Decide with two different sects of Hinduism Vaishnavism and Shaivism having their own beliefs who the Supreme Being is. But the premise of Hindu Mythology operates on the principle that Brahma is the Creator of the Universe, Vishnu is the Preserver of the Universe and Shiva the Destroyer of the universe. However the conception of Brahma is attributed to Lord Vishnu where it is symbolically depicted that Lord Brahma emanates from a Lotus from the Umbilical Cord of Lord Vishnu bestowing the unrivalled status to Lord Vishnu as the Primordial Supreme being. But How about Lord Shiva? How did he come into existence?
According to Vaishnava scriptures, at first there was only MahaVishnu, who rests on the eternal ocean. When he is asleep, nothing exists. There is only pure consciousness, an infinite potential. With his awakening, there is light and life. Out of his navel comes out Lord Brahma who assumes the duty of creation. In his first act as the creator, Lord creates four sages Sanaka, Sananda, Sanatana and Sanat-kumar, who do not have worldly views due to their devotion to Narayana or Maha-Vishnu, the supreme godhead. So out of his frustration and anger was created Rudra or Lord Shiva. Lord Shiva assumed the duty of destruction at the end of the epochs. Thus the Holy trinity assumed their duties for an endless cycle of creation, preservation and destruction.
As per Shaiva scriptures, at first, the ultimate truth “Brahman” was Shiva without any birth or death. Vishnu is formed from the vaamanga of Shiva or the left body. Shiva is the extreme male power of the universe. He is the destroyer or annihilator of the universe. From him manifested the extreme female power of the universe Sati. Then the preserver of the universe Vishnu took three forms, Karnodakashayi Vishnu or Maha-Vishnu, Garbhodakashayi Vishnu and Kshirodakshayi Vishnu.
Maha Vishnu has several Garbhodakashayi Vishnus in the spiritual sky (the ocean of Karana). Each Garbhodakashayi Vishnu exhales and inhales and with each breath a Brahma is born who lives for 100 Brahma years and dies with the breath of Garbhodakashayi Vishnu. Each Brahma creates a universe which comes to an end with partial annihilation. After several Brahma years the annihilation of the entire universe takes place at the last stage, the dissolution of the whole karan sagar by Shiv with Tandav and this cycle again begins This cycle of formation and annihilation is seen in Hinduism.
Hindu scriptures hold that Lord Vishnu, the protector and caretaker of all creation, sleeps in the middle of a vast ocean on the giant snake Sheshnaga. When the cycle begins, Lord Brahma is born out of the ‘lotus’, an allusion to the kamal [lotus] which is the origin of all life. This ‘lotus’ comes out of the navel of Lord Vishnu. The lotus is known as Brahma Kamal. The first sound of Lord Brahma is Aum, the origin of all creation.
The essence of creation from a Hindu Mythological point of view is symbolized as the trinity the Union of Vishnu, Shiva and Brahma. But what are the building Blocks of God’s Creation? The Sanskrit Word is Renuka. But what does Renuka Mean? It means Atom. .”Renu” means “Atom/Mother of Universe. To make it more interesting Renu” literally called as “Goddess Parvati” which means “Atom/Mother of Universe/Wife of lord Shiva. If Parvathi is Atom than where do Vishnu , Shiva and Brahma fit in into the Atomic Model. Interestingly Parvathi also called as Shakti. who is compared to an atom is also compared to an Electron in another point of view and Shiva is considered the Proton.
“The Pranava Mantra (OM) contains within it the powers of Shiva and Shakti. These two powers. Shiva and Shakti, correspond to what scientists call electron and proton (the two constituents of the atom). Proton forms the nucleus of the atom. The electron is moving at a great speed round the proton. The Veda has described the phenomenon in different ways. It has declared that Shiva and Shakti are inextricably associated with each other. This corresponds to the relationship between the electron and proton. Sai Baba. SS. 4/97, p. 86
But one of the Interpretations goes like this.
Atoms are the basic building blocks of ordinary matter. Atoms can join together to form molecules, which in turn form most of the objects around you.
Atoms are composed of particles called protons, electrons and neutrons.
Protons carry a positive electrical charge.
Electrons carry a negative electrical charge.
Neutrons carry no electrical charge at all.
The protons and neutrons cluster together in the central part of the atom, called the nucleus, and the electrons ‘orbit’ the nucleus.
A particular atom will have the same number of protons and electrons and most atoms have at least as many neutrons as protons.
Protons and neutrons are both composed of other particles called quarks and gluons. Protons contain two ‘up’ (+) quarks and one ‘down’ (-) quark while neutrons contain one ‘up’ (+) quark and two ‘down’ (-) quarks.
The gluons are responsible for binding the quarks to one another.
Each family contains two quarks. The first family consists of Up and Down quarks, the quarks that join together to form protons and neutrons. The second family consists of Strange and Charm quarks and only exist at high energies. The third family consists of Top and Bottom quarks and only exist at very high energies.
Physics with Religion :
Nucleus (vishnu / preserver) :
The nucleus is composed of positively charged protons and neutrally charged neutrons.
Proton (shiv / destroyer) :
Protons also play a significant role because the tendency for an atom to either lose, gain or share electrons is dependent upon the charge of the nucleus.
Neutrons (brahma / balance) :
Since protons are positively charged, there is an incredibly strong repulsive force between all the protons in a nucleus. To counteract this strong repulsive force, neutrons apply an even stronger force on the protons in a nucleus (balance).
Electron (shakti / mother nature) :
Electron is the only fundamental particle that takes active part in any chemical reaction and so, results in the molecule or a compound formation.
This is the electron that is responsible for chemical reactions and so gives birth to three different states of matter viz. Solid, Liquid and Gases.
Number of Electrons and their configuration (Commonly known as Electronic Configuration) differs in various atoms and gives birth to so called “Elements” (life).
Nucleus (vishnu), Proton (shiv), Neutrons (brahma) and Electron (shakti) :
Well there is another Competing theory
An atom is made up of Proton, Neutron and Electron.
Neutrons do not have a charge and so would continue on in a straight line.
The nucleus of an atom is composed of positively charged Protons and neutrally charged Neutrons. Almost all the mass of an atom is in its nucleus. The nucleus is the very dense region consisting of Protons and Neutrons at the centre of an atom.
Electrons are negatively charged and so would be deflected on a curving path towards the positive plate.
But the whole atom is electrically neutral on account of the presence of equal number of negative electrons and positive protons.
The electrons revolve rapidly round the nucleus in circular paths called energy level. The energy levels are counted from centre outwards.
Each energy level is associated with a fixed amount of energy.
There is no change in energy of Electrons as long as they help revolving in the same energy level and the atoms remain stable.
The Bohr model shows that the electrons in atoms are in orbits of differing energy around the nucleus. It is like planets orbiting the Sun.
An examination of the image of Shiva Lingam in the context of Bohr model, would demonstrate the puzzling truth that Brahma has created the world. The behaviour of Proton, Electron, Neutron and Energy are well demonstrated by Shiva Lingam.
Vishnu signifies Proton with positive electrical charge.
Mahesha signifies Neutron with no electrical charge.
Brahma signifies Electron with negative electrical charge.
Sakthi is Energy. Sakthi is a type of energy field represented by a Disc.
Shiva Lingam represents the atomic structure. According to the Rishis, Shiva and Vishnu are present in the Lingam. In Sanskrit, the three lines signify multiple. In the atomic structure, there are Protons and Neutrons which are surrounded by fast spinning Electrons.
Sakthi is represented by a Disc in oval shape with three ridges carved at its periphery. She is Energy and plays a vital role in the Universe.
If one look at the portrait of Vishnu, a lotus is depicted as arising from the navel of Vishnu and Brahma is shown as seated on the lotus. Lotus signifies Energy which has the force of attraction. The stem of the lotus can bend because of its flexibility signalling that Brahma moves around Vishnu. This is a message that Electron is attracted to Proton because of the opposite electric charge.
Moreover, Neutron is depicted as Shiva which has no charge at all. The nucleus of the atom also contains neutrons. Neutrons are about the same size as Protons, but have no electric charge. Neutrons are bound very tightly in the atom’s nucleus with the Protons. When the atom’s nucleus contains as many Neutrons as Protons, the atom is stable.
Similarly, the ancient sages provided the idea that when Shiva is not disturbed and separated, he remains calm. Shiva remains calm because Sakthi takes the form of Renuka. The energy which forms the molecules is denoted by its valency, which in Sanskrit is Renuka. Renuka is one produces Renu or molecule. Two atoms make one molecule. Hence ancient Hindu sages brought the idea of Sakthi as Shiva’s wife and as part of Shiva and dances around Shiva throughout. However, when Neutron is disturbed and separated natural disaster occur, which signify that Shakthi turns out to be a terror known as Rudrani (Kali) performing destructive dance, signalling natural disaster.
The actual producer of molecules is Electron which signifies Brahma. Modern physics shows that Electrons are shared between the atoms to form a molecule. Therefore the Hindu concept that Brahma created the earth is in conformity with Science.
After Reading this two different theories I felt each theory had its own way of looking at things. But I was left wondering where do the subatomic particles fit in and how does the metaphysical concept of Brahmana the Universal Consciousness fit into the atomic model ?