Political Philosophy And Role Of Government, State Of Nature vs. Natural Rights. Thomas Hobbes Leviathan and John Locke’s Social Contract Theory.

Penguin Polar bear

What is common between Penguins and Polar Bears? The first thing which comes to my mind is that both start with the letter “P”. Putting more thought to answer the question Penguins and Polar Bears are the undisputed kings of their habitat. Penguins roam unchallenged in the vast swathes of the Antarctic and Polar Bear is the King Supreme of the Arctic of course not discounting their ability to adapt to the extreme cold of their habitat. Penguins live in large groups whereas Polar Bears are confirmed Solitary Creatures. Polar Bears roam the icy landscape of Arctic all alone and its survival is just about food sleep and procreation. Yes they do procreate but maintain their solitary status intact. At times in fight for survival male polar bears might get into fights with other male Polar bears. It’s nice to live like a Polar Bear as they have no rules of a society to adhere to. Do Humans have such a choice yes if a man decides to live in a solitary Island all by himself? But Humans live in complex societies where they are documented right from the day one they enter the world. Birth Certificate? It’s because Human society has evolved over the ages where humans have conceded some of their natural rights to the “STATE” in exchange for some guaranteed rights. That’s Social Contract theory for dummies in a nutshell. Looks like I almost ended the topic even before starting it.

Not really. What is Social Contract theory. In moral and political philosophy, the social contract or political contract is a theory or model, originating during the Age of Enlightenment that typically addresses the questions of the origin of society and the legitimacy of the authority of the state over the individual. Though the Social Contract theory was cemented around seventeenth century the discussion of the role of the state in an individual’s life has been going on since the inception of Human Civilization. Not sure of the historical time line but the first documented discussions on the role of the state, nature of justice and the nature of government in the western world were recorded in Plato’s Republic and Socrates book Crito. Socrates argued that adult citizens have a choice to stay under the laws of the society or leave. Plato, in The Republic, argued that just behavior is in a person’s own best self-interest since persons cannot practice injustice with no fear of punishment. These discussions laid some ground work for the rule of the law and types of governments and similar concepts were explored in the works of Indian political philosophy in Chanakya’s Arthashastra and Manus Manusmriti. Before taking this discussion forward I have to introduce the term State of Nature. Continue reading Political Philosophy And Role Of Government, State Of Nature vs. Natural Rights. Thomas Hobbes Leviathan and John Locke’s Social Contract Theory.

Interpretation Of Allegory Of The Cave, Analogy Of The Divided Line And the Analogy Of The Sun. Similarities Between Platonic Idealism And Vedanta.

Zebra
Do you know Zebras, Donkeys and Mules belong to the same Zoological family? Of Course Zebras and Donkeys do mate and their offspring is called a Zebroid. Good to know right. If you are left wondering why the hell I am talking of Zebras and Donkeys when I am pretending to discuss platonic Idealism and Vedanta you will see my point shortly. What is that comes to the mind when you first visualize a Zebra or a Zebra Crossing. The alternating sequence of white and black stripes. Heard of the conundrum Is Zebra a white skinned animal with black stripes or a black skinned animal with white stripes? Go figure. Anyway if you are still wondering what I am trying to get at Zebras skin coat is a product of nature’s design to protect it against its predators with the alternating patterns of white stripes and black stripes producing an optical illusion to confuse the ace predators. So what really is an illusion a thing that is or is likely to be wrongly perceived or interpreted by the senses or a deceptive appearance or an impression?

Now we are talking. Illusion are of three types Optical Illusions, Auditory Illusions and Tactile Illusions. Some type of people called magicians make a living trying to create illusions and some others live to convince others that life is nothing but an illusion. I am more interested in the second set of people who with their profound thinking have mocked at the very nature of life as nothing but the biggest illusion of all and are famously called philosophers.

Casual followers of Philosophy must have heard of the big three of the Greek Philosophy. Socrates, Plato and Aristotle. The western thought and Philosophy owes these three a lot for its conception. For Serious Students of Philosophy Plato’s seminal work the Republic must be common knowledge but for casual readers they might be hard pressed to know the Analogy of the Sun, Analogy of the Divided line and Allegory of the Cave are some of the important dialogues in this book and put forward an argument for the abstract nature of reality and form some of the core ideas of Platonic Idealism. So I guess it’s about time to really get a quick snapshot of these analogies and allegories. Continue reading Interpretation Of Allegory Of The Cave, Analogy Of The Divided Line And the Analogy Of The Sun. Similarities Between Platonic Idealism And Vedanta.