Basics of Genealogy. First Cousin, Second Cousin, First Cousin Once Removed, Second Cousin Once Removed And Third Cousin Twice Removed.

It’s that time of the Presidential Election year in America where Presidential Primaries are in full swing. All time political junkies like me relish nonstop political coverage about the prospects of various presidential candidates and the never ending debates between the presidential hopefuls. After switching off CNN nonstop primary coverage I started researching the history of presidential primaries and widened my search to find the rankings of all-time best presidents of America. Of Course Abraham Lincoln beats the competition by a mile and Theodore Roosevelt consistently ranks as all-time Fourth best president of U.S.A. with George Washington and Thomas Jefferson in the Fabulous Four Category. As I was going through the list of the rankings of the presidents I also out of curiosity researched how the only president who served four times as the 32nd President of America Franklin Roosevelt was related to the 26th president of America Theodore Roosevelt. I found this as I completed my Google Search.

“While many Americans may assume that President Franklin D. Roosevelt (1933-1945) was the son of Theodore Roosevelt (1901-1909), the two former presidents who led the country three decades apart were actually fifth cousins. But I also saw someone quoting that they were “third cousins twice removed”. Well here we go I did come across these sentence first cousins twice/ thrice removed many times but I never really cared to understand what it really meant. Interestingly Obama and George Bush are 10th cousins once removed and Hillary Clinton and Angelina Jolie are ninth cousins twice removed.

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Understanding Cultural Sensitivity. Cultural Appropriation Misappropriation And Cultural Appreciation

Last week it was super bowl time in America. It was Colorado Broncos vs. Carolina Panthers. It was festive time for all the football diehards and my old fried a diehard invited me to a super bowl party an annual ritual. As much I describe myself as a sports fan American football does not constantly catch my attention and I only keep myself informed through some glaring headlines which show up on my daily subway commutes as my co commuters flip the papers of the New York daily Post. Interestingly Super bowl gets more of an audience for its advertisements and its half time show than for the actual thrills of the game.

This time around the Half time show was played out loud by Chris Martin of the ColdPlay Group and Beyoncé and what caught my attention was Cold Play bands name boldly displayed in Hindi on the Half time show. Well that naturally aroused my curiosity and I went on an internet search. Well here we go I came across criticism of the Cold Play bands so called Cultural Appropriation. Hmmm that was interesting. I researched a bit further and made myself aware that Cold Play recently released a music album “Hymn for the weekend” with an Indian Backdrop depicting some stereotyped Indian notions. I watched the video and saw nothing out worldly wrong with it but I was amazed at the number of articles which criticized the video. The key phrase was the misuse of Cultural Appropriation.
cultural appropriation

Now that made me research a bit further to understand what cultural appropriation was all about. Cultural appropriation is the adoption or use of elements of one culture by members of a different culture. Cultural appropriation is seen by some as controversial, notably when elements of a minority culture are used by members of the cultural majority; this is seen as wrongfully oppressing the minority culture or stripping it of its group identity and intellectual property rights. This view of cultural appropriation is sometimes termed “cultural misappropriation. According to authors in the field, cultural misappropriation differs from acculturation or assimilation in that the “appropriation” or “misappropriation” refers to the adoption of these cultural elements in a colonial manner: elements are copied from a minority culture by members of the dominant culture, and these elements are used outside of their original cultural context sometimes even against the expressed, stated wishes of representatives of the originating culture.

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