The Three Big Arguments For Existence of God. Cosmological, Ontological And Teleological.

job
Does God Exist? That’s a question everyone thinks some point or the other in their life time. Some people are deeply guided by Faith not even to question the Existence of God and take it for Granted the Existence of God who is watching us all from a distance unmindful of the daily happenings in our lives. Most of us are only temporarily haunted by the question and don’t hesitate to change our positions depending on our life’s circumstances. As they say Bad Things happen to Good People and Good Things happen to Bad People, but when Bad Things happen to Good People the role of God in their lives gets a closer inspection. People resort to the oft repeated Expression “ Why Me?” This question has been explored in many religious contexts and explained in the story of Job in the Old Testament in the Book of Job.

It begins with an introduction to Job’s character—he is described as a blessed man who lives righteously in the Land of Uz. The Lord’s praise of Job prompts an angel with the title of ‘satan’ (“accuser”) to suggest that Job served God simply because God protected him. God removes Job’s protection, ordering the angel to take his wealth, his children, and his physical health (but not his life). Despite his difficult circumstances, he does not curse God, but rather curses the day of his birth. And although he anguishes over his plight, he stops short of accusing God of injustice. Job’s miserable earthly condition is simply God’s Will.

In the following, Job debates three friends concerning Job’s condition. They argue whether it was justified, and they debate solutions to his problems. Job ultimately condemns all their counsel, beliefs, and critiques of him as false. God then appears to Job and his friends out of a whirlwind, not answering Job’s central questions. Job, by staying silent before God, stresses the point that he understands that his affliction is God’s Will even though he despairs at not knowing why. Job appears faithful without direct knowledge of God and without demands for special attention from God, even for a cause that all others would declare to be just.

The basic tenet of the story is just surrendering to Gods Will and not even questioning the existence of God. However not everyone in the world is directed by deep faith they want to have conviction in the argument for the Existence of God, and sure the Philosophers who are more guided by reason had come up with three Arguments which continue to be just that, Arguments for the Existence of God. The three Arguments over the centuries have remained the central tenets of Theology for the Existence of God. The Big Three argument are the “Ontological Argument”, “Cosmological Argument” and the “ Teleological Argument”

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Philosophy Of Ayn Rand. In Support Of Self Interest. Philosophy of Objectivism, Physiological Egoism And Ethical Egoism.

Atlas Shrugged

Have you heard of the Novels Atlas Shrugged and Fountainhead written by Ayn Rand? I never heard of them until I was into my early twenties. I knew of those novels as gargantuan nine hundred page novels and did not consider myself as an erudite reader capable enough to discern the underlying message conveyed by those novels then. I remember my sister reading those novels and admired her attempting to read those novels. Well than I was in my early twenties and had little interest in readings especially reeking of the obtuse. Years later when I started writing articles in my blog and started exploring the concepts of Philosophy I stumbled upon the philosophy of Objectivism. The novels Atlas Shrugged and Fountainhead as I understand preach the tenets of Objectivism. I was never a student of philosophy and I thank my blog for pushing me to understand the various positions taken by great philosophical thinkers from the great Greek philosophers Plato, Socrates, Aristotle and the Indian Philosophers to the modern day thinkers Immanuel Kant and Rene Descartes. Philosophy is such an all-encompassing discipline that its spectrum is as wide to include as diverse viewpoints ranging from politics, science religion and the very question of nature of GOD and the purpose of life. A life spent without pondering these points is a life too banal and hence I view philosophers with such esteem as they spend a good time of their lives thinking about some abstract concepts which a common man would think of a pursuit of a nonsensical nature!

Now it’s about time to do some justice to the discussion on objectivism as I highlighted them in the title of my article. A philosophy which I admit I stumbled upon as I ran out of Ideas to post a new article on my blog. Do you all agree the main goal of a man’s life is Pursuit of his own happiness? If you agree I am afraid you subscribe to the philosophy of objectivism which is deeply rooted in the ethos of Individualism. Now that I have come to the point rather than beating around the bush I will define what Objectivism and Individualism stand for?

individaual

Individualism is the moral stance, political philosophy, ideology, or social outlook that emphasizes the moral worth of the individual. Individualists promote the exercise of one’s goals and desires and so value independence and self-reliance and advocate that interests of the individual should achieve precedence over the state or a social group, while opposing external interference upon one’s own interests by society or institutions such as the government. Individualism is often contrasted with totalitarianism or collectivism.

Objectivism is a system of philosophy created by philosopher and novelist Ayn Rand (1905–1982) that holds: reality exists independent of consciousness; human beings gain knowledge rationally from perception through the process of concept formation and inductive and deductive logic; the moral purpose of one’s life is the pursuit of one’s own happiness or rational self-interest. Rand thinks the only social system consistent with this morality is full respect for individual rights, embodied in pure laissez faire capitalism; and the role of art in human life is to transform man’s widest metaphysical ideas, by selective reproduction of reality, into a physical form—a work of art—that he can comprehend and to which he can respond emotionally. Objectivism celebrates man as his own hero, “with his own happiness as the moral purpose of his life, with productive achievement as his noblest activity, and reason as his only absolute

Let me take it a step further and introduce the concepts of Physiological Egoism and Ethical Egoism. Words too scary for a bystander but full of immense meaning capable of explaining the central philosophy of objectivism and Individualism.

egoism

Ethical egoism is the normative ethical position that moral agents ought to do what is in their own self-interest. It differs from psychological egoism, which claims that people can only act in their self-interest. Ethical egoism also differs from rational egoism, which holds that it is rational to act in one’s self-interest. Ethical egoism holds that actions whose consequences will benefit the doer can be considered ethical.

In All the Stated positions Self Interest Reigns Supreme. What type of a society values such type of a philosophy where individual rights are valued much higher than the collective rights of a Society? Heard of capitalism? The system where Individual rights are so sacrosanct that any hint of collectivism is mocked with a sense of derision. I myself am no supporter of collective rights but don’t espouse the philosophy of objectivism and Individualism as human beings are no solitary creatures and are by nature social animals and in the greater good of humanity have to follow an ideology of pursuit of limited happiness not to make the entire world happy but at least some people happy at least some times not if all the time. I just wonder how happy Ayn Ryan was who unabashedly advocated Pursuit of one’s own happiness. In the end I attest it a smile on your kid’s face which makes you happier than a trivial pursuit you undertake in the quest of your own happiness.