Does God Exist? That’s a question everyone thinks some point or the other in their life time. Some people are deeply guided by Faith not even to question the Existence of God and take it for Granted the Existence of God who is watching us all from a distance unmindful of the daily happenings in our lives. Most of us are only temporarily haunted by the question and don’t hesitate to change our positions depending on our life’s circumstances. As they say Bad Things happen to Good People and Good Things happen to Bad People, but when Bad Things happen to Good People the role of God in their lives gets a closer inspection. People resort to the oft repeated Expression “ Why Me?” This question has been explored in many religious contexts and explained in the story of Job in the Old Testament in the Book of Job.
It begins with an introduction to Job’s character—he is described as a blessed man who lives righteously in the Land of Uz. The Lord’s praise of Job prompts an angel with the title of ‘satan’ (“accuser”) to suggest that Job served God simply because God protected him. God removes Job’s protection, ordering the angel to take his wealth, his children, and his physical health (but not his life). Despite his difficult circumstances, he does not curse God, but rather curses the day of his birth. And although he anguishes over his plight, he stops short of accusing God of injustice. Job’s miserable earthly condition is simply God’s Will.
In the following, Job debates three friends concerning Job’s condition. They argue whether it was justified, and they debate solutions to his problems. Job ultimately condemns all their counsel, beliefs, and critiques of him as false. God then appears to Job and his friends out of a whirlwind, not answering Job’s central questions. Job, by staying silent before God, stresses the point that he understands that his affliction is God’s Will even though he despairs at not knowing why. Job appears faithful without direct knowledge of God and without demands for special attention from God, even for a cause that all others would declare to be just.
The basic tenet of the story is just surrendering to Gods Will and not even questioning the existence of God. However not everyone in the world is directed by deep faith they want to have conviction in the argument for the Existence of God, and sure the Philosophers who are more guided by reason had come up with three Arguments which continue to be just that, Arguments for the Existence of God. The three Arguments over the centuries have remained the central tenets of Theology for the Existence of God. The Big Three argument are the “Ontological Argument”, “Cosmological Argument” and the “ Teleological Argument”
Cosmological Argument – What Is It?
The Cosmological Argument or First Cause Argument is a philosophical argument for the existence of God which explains that everything has a cause, that there must have been a first cause, and that this first cause was itself uncaused. The Kalam Cosmological Argument is one of the variants of the argument which has been especially useful in defending the philosophical position of theistic worldviews. The word “kalam” is Arabic for “speaking” but more generally the word can be interpreted as “theological philosophy.”
The Kalam Cosmological Argument is constructed as follows:
1. Whatever begins to exist, has a cause of its existence.
2. The universe began to exist.
3. Therefore, the universe has a cause of its existence.
Ontological Argument – What Is It?
The Ontological argument is widely thought to have been first clearly articulated by St. Anselm of Canterbury, who defined God as the greatest conceivable being. Anselm’s reasoning was that, if a being existed only in the mind but not in reality, then a greater being was conceivable (a being which exists both in the mind and in reality). The famed seventeenth-century French philosopher René Descartes utilized the ontological argument. The ontological argument was revived by Norman Malcolm in 1960. Variants of the ontological argument have been supported and defended by contemporary philosophers such as Alvin Plantinga (who bases his argument on modal logic) and William Lane Craig.
This logic of the ontological argument is formally summarised by philosopher Alvin Plantinga as follows:
1. A being has maximal excellence in a given possible world W if and only if it is omnipotent, omniscient and wholly good in W; and
2. A being has maximal greatness if it has maximal excellence in every possible world.
3. It is possible that there is a being that has maximal greatness. (Premise)
4. Therefore, possibly, it is necessarily true that an omniscient, omnipotent, and perfectly good being exists.
5. Therefore, it is necessarily true that an omniscient, omnipotent, and perfectly good being exists.
6. Therefore, an omniscient, omnipotent and perfectly good being exists.
The teleological or physico-theological argument, also known as the argument from design, or intelligent design argument is an argument for the existence of God or, more generally, for an intelligent creator “based on perceived evidence of deliberate design in the natural or physical world”> It is an argument in natural theology
The Teleological Argument comes down to design. The appearance that the universe was designed to support life on earth is overwhelming. Secular scientists have observed that for physical life to be possible in the universe, many characteristics must take on specific values. In the secular scientific world, this circumstance of apparent fine-tuning in the universe is not disputed, and is referred to as “The Anthropic Principle.” Atheistic scientists have offered several unconvincing rationalizations for this having occurred without the involvement of a Divine Mind, but given the intricacy of the interrelationships between various features in the universe, the indication of divine “fine tuning” seems incontrovertible.
Now If Someone Really Believes in God or not is a matter of Personal Choice. But having a knowledge of these three big arguments can help us to get a bit closer to the reality of God even if it is not with in our realms to understand the True Magnitude of God.